And he came out and went, as was his custom, to the Mount of Olives; and the disciples followed him.
And when he came to the place he said to them, “Pray that you not enter into temptation.” And he withdrew from them about a stone’s throw, and knelt down, and prayed. “Father, if thou art willing, remove this cup from me! Nevertheless: Not my will, but thine, be done.”
And when he rose from prayer, he came to the disciples and found them sleeping for sorrow, and he said to them, “Why do you sleep? Rise, and pray that you not fall into temptation!”
Then came the day of Unleavened Bread, on which the Passover victim had to be slaughtered, and Jesus sent Peter and John with these instructions: “Go and prepare for our Passover supper.”
“Where would you like us to make the preparations?” they asked.
He replied, “As soon as you set foot in the city a man will meet you carrying a jug of water. Follow him into the house that he enters and give this message to the householder: ‘The Master says, “Where is the room in which I can eat the Passover with my disciples?”‘ He will show you a large room upstairs all set out; make the preparations there.”
They went and found everything as he had said. So they prepared for Passover.
When the time came, he took his place at table, and the apostles with him; and he said to them, “How I have longed to eat this Passover with you before my death! For I tell you, never again shall I eat it until the time when it finds its fulfillment in the kingdom of God.”
Then he took a cup, and after giving thanks he said, “Take this and share it among yourselves; for I tell you, from this moment I shall drink from the fruit of the vine no more until the time when the kingdom of God comes.” And he took bread, gave thanks, and broke it; and he gave it to them, with the words, “This is my body.
“But mark this — My betrayer is here, his hand with mine on the table. For this son of Adam is going his appointed way; but alas for the man by whom he is betrayed!”
At this, they began to ask among themselves which of them it could possibly be who was to do this thing? Then a jealous dispute broke out: Who among them should rank highest?
But he said, “In the world, kings lord it over their subjects; and those in authority are called their country’s ‘benefactors’. Not so, with you. On the contrary, the highest of you must bear himself like the youngest, the chief of you like a servant. For who is greater? — the one who sits at table, or the servant who waits on him? Surely the one who sits at table. Yet here I am among you like a servant.
“You are the men who have stood firmly by me in my times of trial; and now I vest in you the kingship which my Father vested in me; you shall eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones as judges of the twelve tribes of Israel.
“Simon, Simon, take heed! Satan has been given leave to sift all of you like wheat; but for you I have prayed that your faith may not fail; and when you have come to yourself, you must lend strength to your brothers.”
“Lord,” he replied, “I am ready to go with you to prison and to death.”
Jesus said, “I tell you, Peter, the cock will not crow tonight until you have three times denied that you know me.”
He said to them, “When I sent you out barefoot without purse or pack, were you ever short of anything?”
“No,” they answered.
“It is different now,” he said. “Whoever has a purse had better take it with him, and his pack too; and if he has no sword, let him sell his cloak to buy one. For scripture says, ‘And he was counted among the outlaws;’ and these word, I tell you, must find fulfillment in me. Indeed, all that is written of me is being fulfilled.”
“Look, Lord,” they said. “We have two swords here.”
“Enough, enough!” he replied.
Now the Festival of Unleavened Bread, known as Passover, was approaching; and the chief priests and doctors of the law were trying to devise some way of doing away with him; for they were afraid of the people.
Then Satan entered into Judas Iscariot, who was one of the Twelve; and Judas went to the chief priests and officers of the Temple police to discuss ways and means of putting Jesus into their power. They were greatly pleased and undertook to pay him a sum of money. He agreed, and began to look out for an opportunity to betray him to them without collecting a crowd.
— — — — — — —
When Jesus had finished this discourse he said to his disciples, “You know that in two days time it will be Passover; and this son of Adam is to be handed over for crucifixion.”
Then the chief priests and elders of the nation met in the palace of the High Priest, Caiaphas; and there they conferred together on a scheme to have Jesus arrested by some trick and put to death. “It must not be during the festival,” they said, “or there will be rioting among the people.”
Jesus was at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, when a woman came to him with a small bottle of fragrant oil, very costly. And as he sat at table she began to pour it over his head.
The disciples were indignant when they saw it. “Why this waste?” they said. “It could have been sold for a good sum and the money given to the poor.”
Jesus was aware of this, and said to them, “Why must you make trouble for the woman? It is a fine thing she has done for me. You can always give to the poor; but you won’t always have me.
“When she poured this oil on my body it was her way of preparing me for burial. I tell you this, wherever in all the world this gospel is proclaimed, what she has done will be told as her memorial.”
Then one of the Twelve, the man called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests and said, “What will you give me to betray him to you?”
They weighed out thirty silver pieces.
From that moment he began to look for a good opportunity to betray him.
—- —- —- —- —-
Now the Festival of Passover and Unleavened Bread were only two days off; and the chief priests and the doctors of the law were trying to devise some cunning plan to seize him and put him to death. “It must not be during the festival,” they said, “or we should have rioting among the people.”
Jesus was at Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper. As he sat at table, a woman came in carrying a small bottle of very costly perfume, oil of pure nard. She broke it open and poured the oil over his head.
Some of those present said to one another angrily, “Why this waste? The perfume might have been sold for thirty pounds and the money given to the poor,” and they turned upon her with fury.
But Jesus said, “Let her alone. Why must you make trouble for her? It is a fine thing she has done for me. You have the poor among you always; and you can help them whenever you like; but you will not always have me.
“She has done what lay in her power; she is beforehand with anointing my body for burial. I tell you this; wherever in all the world the gospel is proclaimed, what she has done will be told as her memorial.”
Then Judas Iscariot, one of the Twelve, went to the chief priests to betray him to them. When they heard what he had come for, they were greatly pleased, and promised him money; and he began to look for a good opportunity to betray him.
Some people were talking about the Temple and the fine stones and votive offerings with which it was adorned.
He said, “These things which you are gazing at — The time will come when not one stone of them will be left upon another; all will be thrown down.”
“Master,” they said, “when will it all come about? What will be the sign when it is due to happen?”
He said, “Take care that you are not misled. For many will come claiming my name and saying, ‘I am he,’ and ‘The Day is upon us.’ Do not follow them.
“And when you hear of wars and insurrections, do not fall into a panic. These things are bound to happen first, but the end does not follow immediately. Nation will make war upon nation, kingdom upon kingdom. There will be great earthquakes and famines and plagues in many places; in the sky terrors and great portents.
“But before all this happens they will set upon you and persecute you. You will be brought before synagogues and put in prison; you will be haled before kings and governors for your allegiance to me. This will be your opportunity to testify. Make up your minds not to prepare your defense beforehand, because I myself will give you power of utterance and a wisdom which no opponent will be able to resist or refute. Even your parents and brothers, your relations and friends, will betray you. Some of you will be put to death, and you will be hated by all for your allegiance to me. But not a hair of your head shall be lost. By standing firm you will win true life for yourselves.
“But when you see Jerusalem encircled by armies, then you may be sure that her destruction is near. Then those who are in Judea must take to the hills; those who are in the city itself must leave it; and those who are in the country must not enter — because this is a time of retribution, when all that stands written is to be fulfilled.
“Alas for women who are with child in those days, or have children at the breast. For there will be great distress in the land and a terrible judgment upon this people. They will fall at the sword’s point; they will be carried captive into all countries; and Jerusalem will be trampled down by foreigners until their day has run its course.
“Portents will appear in Sun, Moon, and stars. On Earth, nations will stand helpless, not knowing which way to turn from the roar and surge of the sea. Men will faint with terror at the thought of all that is coming upon the world; for the celestial powers will be shaken.
“And then they will see the Son of Man coming on a cloud with great power and glory. When all this begins to happen, stand upright and hold your heads high, because your liberation is near.”
He told them this parable: “Look at the fig tree, or any other tree. As soon as it buds, you can see for yourselves that summer is near. In the same way, when you see all this happening, you may be sure that the reign of God is near.
“I tell you this: The present generation will live to see it all. Heaven and Earth will pass away; my words will never pass away.
“Keep a watch on yourselves; do not let your minds be dulled by dissipation and worldly cares, so the great Day closes upon you suddenly like a trap; for that day will come on all people, wherever they are, the whole world over. Be on the alert, praying for strength to pass safely through these imminent troubles and to stand in the presence of the Son of Man.”
His days were given to teaching in the Temple; and then he would leave the city and spend the night on the hill called ‘Olivet’. And in the early morning, people flocked to hear him in the Temple.
In the hearing of all the people Jesus said to his disciples: “Beware of the lawyers who like to walk up and down in long robes, and have a great liking for respectful greetings in the street, the chief seats in our synagogues, and places of honor at feasts. These are the men who eat up the property of widows, while they say long prayers for appearance’ sake; and they will receive the severest sentence.”
He looked up and saw the rich people dropping their gifts into the chest of the Temple treasury; and he noticed a poor widow putting in two tiny coins. “I tell you this,” he said: “This poor widow has given more than any of them; for those others have more than enough, but she, with less than enough, has given all she had to live on.”
But he said to them, “How can they say that the Messiah is David’s son?
“For David himself says, in the book of Psalms,
‘The Lord said to my lord,
‘Sit at my right hand,
till I make thy enemies a stool for thy feet.
“David thus calls him ‘Lord,’ so how can he be his son?”
There came to him some Sadducees, those who say that there is no resurrection, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies, having a wife but no children, the man must take the wife and raise up children for his brother.
“Now there were seven brothers; the first took a wife, and died without children. And the second and the third took her; and likewise all seven left no children, and died. Afterward the woman also died.
“In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife will the woman be? For all seven had her as wife.”
And Jesus said to them, ‘The children of this age marry and are given in marriage; but those who are accounted worthy to attain to the age [to come] and to the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage.
“For they cannot die any more, because they are equal to angels and are children of God, being children of the resurrection.
“But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed, in the passage about the bush, where he calls The Lord ‘the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.’
“Now he is not god of the dead, but God of the living, for all live to Him.”
And some of the scribes answered, “Teacher, you have spoken well.” For they no longer dared to ask him any question.
So they watched him, and sent spies, who pretended to be sincere, that they might take hold of what he said, so as to deliver him up to the authority and jurisdiction of the governor.
They asked him, “Teacher, we know that you speak and teach rightly, and show no partiality, but truly teach the way of God.
“Is it lawful for us to give tribute to Caesar, or not?”
But he perceived their craftiness, and said to them, “Show me a coin. Whose likeness and inscription has it?”
They said, “Caesar’s.”
He said to them, “Then render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and to God the things that are God’s.”
And they were not able in the presence of the people to catch him by what he said; but marveling at his answer they were silent.
When they heard this, they said, “God forbid!
But he looked at them and said, “What, then, is this that is written?
“The very stone which the builders rejected
has become the head of the corner?
“Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces; but when it falls on any one it will crush him.”
The scribes and the chief priests tried to lay hands on him at that very hour, for they perceived that he had told this parable [Luke 20.9-16] against them.